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Construction Authorities ǀ Functions ǀ Stages & Procedures

Construction Regulation Malaysia

In Malaysia, the government consists of three separate levels: federal, state, and local government. The difference between them is that federal and state governments are elected, whilst the local governments are those appointed. All three levels of government have imposed several legislations and regulations on the business including the construction sector. The building regulatory system in Malaysia has prescribed the local authority as the only planning authority. The Town and Country Planning Act 1976 (Act 172) establishes the federal, state and local planning authorities and includes the approval of development plans, permission of the land and building use, purchase notice and acquisition of land, and other provisions. However, this regulation only applies to Peninsular Malaysia and not applicable to the states in East Malaysia. The states in Sabah and Sarawak have their Building Ordinances where the state governments are the planning authority.

The Uniform Building By Laws 1984, also referred to as the UBBL 1984, is a subsidiary law under Street Drainage and Building Act 1974 (Act 133). This is the building code Malaysia has established and applies to all building types. In Peninsular Malaysia, the local authorities have power over every building, as well as the buildings owned by the government. Generally, the laws are formulated by federal governments and are passed to the state governments to gazette the laws. The laws are only legally binding and enforceable by the local authorities after the states have gazetted the laws. At present, the Acts enforced in the construction industry are Federal Roads Act 1959, Quantity Surveyors Act, Registration of Engineers Act, Architects Act, Construction Industry Development Board Act, Town Planners Act, and other relevant legislation.