Agriculture is the growing of crops or plants and raising livestock to achieve satisfactory income. It is a business of acquiring land and other resources needed for farming and making a profit by selling and distributing crops, plants, and animal products. Farming in modern days is high tech. Farmers now invest in farming machinery and are equipped with technical skills and knowledge to increase production mass. For instance, farmers use tablets, computers, drones or robotics for monitoring livestock. Webcams, automated feeders and climate control systems are being installed in barns so farmers can monitor their animals through electronic devices. These technologies allow farmers to increase efficiency and take good care of their livestock.
Aside from raising livestock, the farming practice of growing crops in a greenhouse can protect the crops from extreme weather and climate conditions. Greenhouse farming enables crops to be grown in a sheltered environment with controlled temperature and also prevents pests from destroying crops. A greenhouse structure is covered by a material that can be transparent or semi-transparent. The efficiency of a greenhouse structure is influenced by the size of the structure, the amount of sunlight shining through the structure, the amount of natural ventilation provided, heating requirements and the efficiency of the structure materials. Depending on the types of structures and material, greenhouses are classified as glasshouses, screen houses, shade houses, etc.
Greenhouse farming has advantages such as allowing efficient management of crops and growing crops in a shielded environment to protect the crops from extreme conditions and protecting the crops from pests. By keeping the crops in greenhouses and isolated from the environment, a farmer can easily identify the infected crops and control the infection. Cultivating crops in greenhouses also allows the crops to grow better and have a more appealing look, which can be sold at a higher price. Greenhouses that are more technologically advanced also enable crops to grow outside of their typical season by creating a suitable condition for the crops to grow in greenhouses. Greenhouses also offer a great variety of crops to be available off-season. The crops are grown in a controlled environment where farmers are able to track, monitor and take precise care of the crops. For example, some advanced greenhouses are equipped with irrigation systems that waters the plants automatically and ensure the soil is in optimum moisture content which promotes faster growth and gets higher yields.
A smart farming system is a concept for farm management that is driven by technology. Technologies such as IoT (Internet of Things), AI (Artificial Intelligence), drones and robotics are implemented in farming to increase production and improve quality by reducing human labour with automation. Traditionally, the farming practices for the cultivation of crops are the same and repeated. There is no control over the effect of weather on the crops. Whereas, in smart farming, each farm can be analysed to grow the most suitable crops. Unlike in traditional farming where maintenance is done manually on all fields which can be a financial burden, smart farming allows early detection of the areas that need maintenance which is more cost-saving in performing maintenance. Smart farming is gaining popularity in the agricultural industry due to a shortage of labour to meet the increasing demands. Therefore, agriculture automation is starting to attract farmers to help to manage their farms.
Technologies Applied in Smart Farming
Smart farming manages the agricultural industry with technologies. These technologies are implemented to track, monitor and analyse the farm conditions using an automated system. They are connected through the internet and data is generated automatically for farmers to make decisions and predictions and increase efficiency. For instance, sensors are used for scanning the quality of soil conditions to understand the nutrient value of soil and the crops that are suitable to be planted. Sensors also can be used to manage the temperature, light intensity and humidity which can be analysed to determine the weather pattern. Telecommunications such as Wi-Fi and GPS are used to coordinate with drones for tracking the crop and livestock. Besides, data analytic tools are used for weather prediction, tracking soil conditions, livestock and crop wellbeing. In addition, drones and satellites help farmers to monitor the field remotely and allow the farmer to monitor the health of crops, and make decisions on areas that need attention from the data collected from drones and satellites. Moreover, robotics used in farming has functions such as spraying pesticides on specific crops that are invaded by pests. Robotics is also used in lifting and harvesting crops to reduce the human workforce and increase efficiency and productivity.
Smart Farming Advantages
Smart farming is beneficial to the agricultural industry in many ways. First and foremost, the cost is reduced in general and goods are increased in quantity with improved quality with intelligent and precise agriculture. Smart farming also allows farmers to control the production of crops which can prevent unnecessary costs spent and reduce waste. Moreover, with automated systems, efficiency increases. Smart farming allows a great number of works to be done simultaneously without affecting the quality and production rate. The combination of the application of information and communications technologies in agriculture, also referred to as IoT- driven agriculture helps to control the cultivating and harvesting process better. It also reduces the risk in production and allows production results to be foreseen. This helps the farmer to plan and distribute products in a scientific approach.
Smart Farming and Greenhouse for Agriculture or Nursery Plants for Landscape in Malaysia
Aathaworld Sdn Bhd design, fabricate structure, building of those materials, supplies and installs multiple types of greenhouse farming and landscape nursery plants for fruit, vegetables, grains, other agricultural purposes, city, township, public park, entertainment, leisure, commercial, resale, garden landscape, hobby, private garden, forestry, research, educational, ecosystem, wholesale, recreation, vacation hotspot, heritage site and potentially other landscape contractor projects that are applicable to a lot of designers’ concepts and owners’ applications. These also include commercial, confined space, high-rise, low-rise, community, backyard, rural, urban, development town, residential, park, indoor, rooms and other customized needs. Plants and products can be consisting of allies, fruit, vegetables, hydroponic, compost, lawn seed, microgreen, plant seedlings, fertilizer, cycads, shrubs, palms, organic plant, pesticides, orchids, pest control, bonsai, soil, soil improver, ferns, climbers, fruits, herbs, cactus, succulents, puding, seeds for flower, tree,hydroseeding; materials and installation can also consist of ceramic, glass, solar, wind power, mini hydro, ventilation, air or water filtering, self-sustainable setup, hydraulic mulch seeding, fibre, plastic, hydro-mulching, hydroseeding, self watering, gardening tools, accessories, paver, hardscape, As a greenfarm or smart farm housing, plantation, landscape nursery materials supplier and landscape contractor in Malaysia, we are able to provide its overall landscape design, greenhouse planning, supply of materials and build service to fit your project needs including coverage such as KL Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Klang Valley, JB Johor Bahru, Penang, Malacca (Melaka), Seremban Negeri Sembilan, Perak, Pahang, Kuantan, Kelantan, Terengganu, Perlis, Alor Setar Kedah, as well as Sabah and Sarawak for East Malaysia. Try our services also for other regions of Southeast Asia (SEA) such as Singapore, Myanmar (Burma), Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Brunei, Bangladesh as well as China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Australia and New Zealand. Enquire today for your smart farm system, greenhouse agricultural farming, plant nursery, landscape, hardscape, softscape for ranges of projects design, supply and installation in Malaysia and other regions today at firstname.lastname@example.org or call (WhatsApp) to +(60)11-7001 1003 (Monday to Friday) or +(60)11-1188 1003 (Saturday, Sunday & Public Holiday).
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