A gas turbine is one the Malaysia popular electrical generator after Diesel Generator or Diesel Genset. How frequent one can see gas turbine? Well, basically when you take a flight you can always see gas turbine engine going into action. Yes, is the commercial jets turbofan engines and is run by a gas turbine. Most of the power plant that runs using natural gas, coal, oil or nuclear reactor create steam and run through the steam turbine and convert mechanical energy electrical energy. Other than gas turbine another type of generator also very popular such as water turbines and wind turbines but Malaysia has a lot of oil palm plantation which leads to the gas turbine is more popular used for Power plant and heavy industries in Malaysia. Aathaworld Sdn Bhd has provided gas turbine consultancy and design for many years. From power plant construct, procurement, construction (civil and structural, C&S), fabrication, commissioning and machinery maintenance (mechanical & electrical, M&E) work. To design an effective a gas turbine power plant or industrial electrical supply usage, gas turbine specialist must be hired and requirement must be stated out before any construction begin.
Gas Turbine Planning
To understand the effectiveness of a gas turbine, you must first understand its advantage and disadvantage. Because implementing gas turbine might be very hard and tedious but if you think the power generated from the gas turbine will pay off then think again. Its equipment and spare parts fetch a very high price because the internal gas turbine high-speed spinning, high operating temperature, design, manufacturing, and maintenance is a complex problem for both the materials and engineering standpoint. Furthermore, a gas turbine is very different from a diesel generator because when they idle they tend to use more fuel and more prefer constant load rather than a fluctuating one. However, the steam turbine usually has a big advantage for their excellent power to weight ratio and few moving parts than piston engine results in lower maintenance cost and higher reliability over its service life. This makes gas turbine very suitable for a huge project such as power plants, commercial jet engine, and ships. Power plant like Oil palm biomass is a renewable energy resource that commonly seen in Malaysia since it is the second largest palm oil production country after Indonesia. Malaysia has an inexpensive clean water supply and constant access to clean water that is mainly used for the cooling and steam process of the gas turbine. Seawater is not proper water for both cooling down and steam process, because the salt content in the water might damages the equipment and worst case overheat and meltdown. Which is why Nuclear power plant is mostly built beside the seaside but cant uses the sea water directly. The usage of the seawater tends to be a cooling liquid for condenser usage rather than directly process as steam. To understand how effective and efficient is power plant you can always enquire expert such as Aathaworld for design and consulting phase.
Gas Turbine Power Plant Layout
Many gas turbine is designed to fit into certain machine equipment but power plant is not always the same which is why layout, interconnecting air or gas and other layouts must be carefully planned to minimize waste and inefficiency. The first step is to choose a location site. Location is the beginning of all cost. Land should be relatively cheap and far from the city or populated area since gas turbine power plant take up a massive area and might expand in the future if possible. Furthermore, a power plant is very noisy and requires security and access control so the uncrowded area is very suitable. Other major things to put focus is the transportation of palm oil fuel and workers must be nearby to lower down the total transportation cost. The location must be suitable to built infrastructure such as transmission tower to connect the electrical grid and underground pipeline to constantly supply the water and telecommunications service. After the blueprint is drawn, then begin the material choosing. Since the steam turbine has many types and requires to customize steam driver piping and other related equipment in the power plant. The easier approach is to find a steel fabricator and steam turbine engineer to design and built a suitable steel component or framework. For example, steam drive piping and drains should be fabricated to avoid pockets (low points) to minimize the accumulation of condensation and surface condenser often are at grad is fabricate directly below the compressors turbine. Complicated ductwork and equipment usually will take up space so specialist like ventilation contractor, steel fabricator, a general contractor is to work closely with the steam turbine engineer to construct an efficient and upgradable power plant.
Gas Turbine Maintenance
Last but not least is the gas turbine maintenance. A gas turbine has lesser movable part than a piston engine so it has smaller maintenance charges such as low lubricating oil usage. It can also perform very well in cold weather due to its lower peak combustion pressure than general piston engines. The flooring and parts near the steam turbine also require lesser maintenance because of the smooth rotation of the main shaft produces far lesser than a piston engine. Moreover, the gas turbine has very low toxic emissions of CO and HC because no excess air, no quenching on a cold surface and is complete combustion. Constant thermal coatings and superalloys with grain boundary strengthening and solid-solution strengthening for turbine blades to ensure turbine efficiency and reducing the chances for the blade deformation. There are a lot more maintenance work that should be look in to so hiring a maintenance expert like Aathaworld is very recommended to schedule your equipment maintenance time.
Where to Get Steam Turbine Supplier in Malaysia
Aathaworld can provide you steam turbine varies service such as design, consult, construct and supply. Our steam turbine also allows custom made for your power plant requirements such as building layout, components, and other custom made metal fitting to fit your project requirement to ensure your gas turbine work efficiently. As a steam turbine supplier, we are also able to schedule constant maintenance for your after sales service since good product come with good service only can increase the stea